Call/text: (617) 682-9697 | e: [email protected] | f: 617-391-3067

The Second Affirmative Rebuttal (2AR)

Even if you are a Second Affirmative Rebuttal (2AR) speaker and not a Second Negative Rebuttal (2NR) speaker, you should be sure to read the essay on how to do the 2NR because in many ways you simply need to do the opposite of the 2NR.

Topicality. Since topicality is an all or nothing issue for the affirmative, start your speech by addressing any topicality arguments.   The 2AR can’t risk running out of time and not responding to topicality.

Advantage/offensive.   Remember that the job of the affirmative is to prove that the plan is on-balance undesirable. In order to do this, the affirmative has to win offense – a reason that the failure to adopt the affirmative proposal is bad To do this, they have to win an advantage (and that they solve for the advantage). Without this, they will have nothing to weigh against any disadvantage or kritik won by the negative.

Argue the advantage outweighs. 2AR speakers need to demonstrate that their argument(s) matters more because it has a bigger impact, happens quicker, or is more probably than the negative’s arguments.

Stick to 1AR arguments. The 2AR can’t make new arguments. If they do, the judge will ignore them. In order to make sure the judge accepts your arguments, use the arguments that were in the 1AR (and originally in the 2AC) – defend them and explain why they defeat the negative’s arguments.

Of course, there is some additional advice t

Subscribe for Access To More!