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The United States federal government should substantially increase its protection of water resources in the United States. (Argument Outline)

The United States federal government should substantially increase its protection of water resources in the United States. (Argument Outline)

Daily Update.


(a) Central government in Washington, DC
(b) All 3 branches


(a) Ought


(a) of real worth or importance
(b) In the mail
(c) Without material qualification
(d) A certain percentage


(a) To make greater



(a) “In” means “throughout”
(b) “In means “within”


(a) Everywhere
(b) Military resources
(c) federal lands
(d) Tribal areas


Agriculture (article)
Health Harms
(a) General
(b) Small particulates
Environmental Harms
EPA Credibility
Racism/Environmental Justice

Water Shortages (article)

Water Wars

Cases — Federal

Military Bases
Federal lands
Washington, DC
Puerto Rico

Cases — General

Climate adaptation (link)
Federal regulation of forever chemicals (link)
Fracking ban and federal standards for produced water (article)
Protecting water infrastructure from terrorism (article)

Cases — Security



Business confidence
EPA Trade-Off/Overstretch
(a) Political capital (immigration, infrastructure, stimulus IV?)
(b) Midterms

CO2 Ag
SO2 Screw





Environment — Ecofeminism, Environmental Managerialism/Heidegger/Deep Ecology, Environmental Psychology, Social Ecology


Incentives (tax breaks)
States (Article)
Regulatory Negotiations (Reg-Neg)
Tax Penalties

Kritik Affs

Flint Pro Public article: The problem with Flint’s water began when a state-appointed emergency manager decided to leave Detroit’s water system. In 2014, while awaiting the construction of a new regional system, officials rebooted the city’s old treatment plant and used the Flint River as a water source. But the plant did not get the resources to properly treat the water. Most seriously, the water did not receive corrosion control, as required by federal law, causing pipes to break down. Brown water coming out of taps: that was corroded iron, or rust. Despite escalating concerns from residents, boil-water advisories and other red flags (the water so badly corroded machinery at a General Motors plant, the company switched to another city’s water system), it took large-scale organizing for a year and a half before the city returned to Detroit’s water system. By then, people had been exposed not only to high amounts of lead, a neurotoxin that is especially damaging to children, but a series of bacterial outbreaks. A Legionnaires’ disease outbreak officially sickened 90 and killed 12. As FRONTLINE documented, the number of those harmed by the outbreak is likely more….Many residents have drawn on lessons from the water crisis to build new models for democracy and public health. Their work includes an innovative program where community members help develop, vet and carry out research proposals from academics, bringing transparency along the way; a water lab in a refurbished school where residents, including young people, work with scientists to test their own drinking water; and an environmental justice movement, with teachings on using data and community organizing to rebuild crumbling infrastructure.

Article #2

Generic Negative Strategies

States counterplan with federalism, EPA overstretch/tradeoff, and Politics net-benefits
Incentives counteprlan with Business confidence, EPA overstretch, Politics, and Environmental Managerialism net-benefits