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Education Topic — Advantages


Education Topic — Advantages

Poverty. While probably not the most common advantage that people think of when they hear about an education topic, it is also probably not the most common advantage that people are reading in rounds. But the idea is simple – a poor education leaves a person without life skills needed to make a good living and keep oneself out of poverty. There is a body of literature that says we

Education Topic — Cases

I hope you took the time to read the advantage essay before reading this cases/plans essay, because that essay lays the foundation for the idea that all of the affirmative advantages stem from one of two problems (or a combination of them) – inadequate funding and a lack of (or wrong) regulation. This is important because as you go through these cases you will also see that this theme play


Education topic — Disadvantages

Disadvantages to Federal Action There are a number of disadvantages that stem from action by the federal government. Spending disadvantages. There are two versions of the spending disadvantage. Deficits/fiscal discipline. This disadvantage argues that increases in spending signal a move against fiscal discipline that is necessary to maintain lower interest rates, protect the value of the dollar, and reassure investors. It is not about the raw size of the deficit, but


Education topic — Counterplans

Agent Counterplans  There are a number of counterplans that change the agent of action in the plan, arguing that it would be good if a different branch of government (executive, legislative, or judicial) did the plan or that a different level of government (state/local) did the plan  States counterplan. As you hopefully discerned from the discussion of the policy cases, the states counterplan is the most popular counterplan on the


Education Topic — Kritiks

Black feminism. Run mostly against race kritik affirmatives, this kritik argues that Black women remain invisible in the black radical imagination of the 1AC – The radical architects of reparations homogenize black experience making black male lived experience the sin qua non for the Black – Like black resistance movements in the past the aff will sacrifice black women for the “good of the race” KELLEY Professor of History and Africana


Education Topic — Kritik Affirmative Cases

These are obviously difficult to describe, and any team will claim that their affirmative is different than what is actually being described. So, I’ll provide a best of a brief explanation as possible, including a citation where I think it may be helpful. Baudrillard. Science is the ultimate game of simulation and simulacra. The image of the scientist, the very act of prescriptive and objective analysis of a controllable world

Novice Policy Debate Text Update

Our novice policy debate text has been updated to include new examples from this year’s resolution.  It has also been expanded to provide more in-depth coverage of the speeches, prep time, and cross-fire. Novices who understand the content of this textbook will be well-prepared for the beginning of the year. This textbook is free to all registered members and is the basis of our automated Policy Debate Online course that will


Flowing in Policy Debate

Introduction Flowing simply describes the process of taking notes in the debate. It was invented in the 1970s as a way to keep track of the flow of arguments across the debate and it is based on the idea of a flow used in computer programming – how the commands and inputs trigger different reactions by the computer, the same way arguments should trigger different reactions (responses) by debaters. For


Mechanics Cross examinations, also known as questioning periods, occur after each constructive speech. The person on the other team who does not speak next asks the questions. C-X of 1AC – Done by 2NC, 1NC uses time to prepare speech C-X of 1NC – Done by 1AC, 2AC uses time to prepare speech C-X of 2AC – Done by 1NC, 2NC uses time to prepares speech C-X of 2NC –

The Second Affirmative Rebuttal (2AR)

Even if you are a Second Affirmative Rebuttal (2AR) speaker and not a Second Negative Rebuttal (2NR) speaker, you should be sure to read the essay on how to do the 2NR because in many ways you simply need to do the opposite of the 2NR. Topicality. Since topicality is an all or nothing issue for the affirmative, start your speech by addressing any topicality arguments.   The 2AR can’t risk