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The second speech in the debate is the First Negative Constructive (1NC).

This is an eight minute speech delivered by the first negative speaker.

The speech is more difficult than the 1AC, as it cannot be entirely prepared in advance, but it is not that difficult.

In order to give an effective 1NC at your first tournament, it is important that you prepare some generic, off-case positions in advance that will likely apply to most cases that you debate. This way you will have something prepared no matter what the other team argues.

Types of off-case positions include . . .

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