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The Second Negative Constructive (2NR) and First Negative Rebuttal (1NR) are given by different people and are different lengths (2NC, 8 minutes; 1NR, 5 minutes), but the speeches function in similar ways. Collectively, the two speeches are the “negative block,” and both speakers have similar responsibilities.

What the two speakers share in common is the job of defending the negative arguments that were first advanced in the 1NC.

So, imagine that the Negative presented a “substantial” topicality argument and a spending/deficits disadvantage in the 1NC. They may also have made some other arguments on the case. In the Negative . . .

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