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The first speech in the debate is a "canned speech."  The second speech is largely canned -- coaches will prepare novice debaters with a few staple off-case negative arguments that they should be able to use in almost any debate for their first tournament -- spending, federalism, maybe the states counterplan, maybe the capitalism kritik.

Novices that have a basic understanding of these arguments will fill-up a good portion of their 1NC with these arguments, using any remaining time to do the best job they can attacking the affirmative case.

The 2AC gets more difficult, however, because there will . . .

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