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counterplans

Intermediate — Counterplan Theory

As noted earlier, counterplans introduce many theoretical controversies. There is no space in this volume to entertain each of them since the debates could occupy an entire volume unto themselves.  I do, however, want to briefly introduce you to each of the key questions so that you are aware of them and are encouraged to learn more about them. Can the negative run a counterplan?  Although the ability of the

Intermediate — Types of Counterplans

Types of Counterplans The best way to understand what a counterplan is is to understand the different types of counterplans and how they work.  After you read through each, you will have a better understanding of what it means for a counterplan to be competitive. Agent counterplans.  An agent counterplan is a counterplan that uses a different agent than the affirmative does. For example, if the affirmative’s agent is the

Intermediate Text — Using Disadvantages to Win the Debate

Debating Disadvantages on the Negative This section follows the affirmative answers section because until you understand how to answer a disadvantage on the affirmative, you will not be able to effectively debate it on the negative. Have an overview.  You should prepare a written out overview that explains the basic thesis of your disadvantage, with a particular focus on the links and impacts.  You-should make arguments related to the following

Intermediate Text — Kicking Disadvantages

“Kicking” a Disadvantage Sometimes during a debate you will want to “kick” – not go for – one of your disadvantages.  To do this, you need to effectively “kick” it. It is very important that your properly kick a disadvantage.  If you do not, the affirmative team may easily extend a turn. For example, imagine that you present that initial spending disadvantage that I have been discussing and that the

Debating Counterplans

Introducing Counterplans A counterplan is a plan advocated by the negative that is an alternative to the affirmative’s plan.  The most essential defining element of a counterplan is that it is competitive – the negative must prove that the counterplan is better than the affirmative plan and a combination of the plan and all or part of the counterplan. For example, imagine that I suggest that we take a lunch